Jesse King was born in Ohio (probably in the vicinity of Chillicothe) in 1805, he was a son of Philip King and Mary Leah Wright, both of Pennsylvania. Philip King was a farmer, he married Leah Wright in 1801 in Somerset, PA, they had six children, of whom Jesse was the third. The King family emigrated to Fairfield County, OH, when Jesse was a small boy. During the War of 1812, Jesse’s father, Philip King, served as a soldier in Capt. James Taylor’s company from Ross County, OH. In 1831, Jesse married Catherine Sivey in Fairfield County. After their marriage, they removed to Franklin County, OH where Jesse’s parents and many siblings were already living and farming. Jesse and Catherine were the parents of six sons, the four oldest born in Franklin, the other two in Mercer: William, Solomon, John, Philip, Henry, Jesse and Franklin, who died in infancy. After Philip King’s death in 1846, much of the King family, including Jesse and Catherine, removed to Van Wert County, to farm the 200+ acres she had previously purchased and the 40 acres of bounty land granted for Philip’s war service. Jesse purchased 160 acres in Mercer County, erected a log cabin, cleared his land and became a prominent farmer and citizen. Jesse filled the office of justice of the peace for eighteen years, was township trustee a number of times, and also held other offices in the county. Four of Jesse and Catherine’s sons served in OH units during the Civil War. One son, Philip, died of wounds received at the battle of Nashville, in December, 1864. Jesse was an active member of the United Brethern Church, holding at different times all its offices, he died at his home after contracting typhoid fever in 1868.
What is Typhoid Fever? Typhoid fever is a bacterial infection, spread by consuming food or water contaminated with the feces of an infected person. Symptoms include a gradual onset of high fever, weakness, abdominal pain, constipation, and headaches. People may carry the bacterium without being affected; however, they are still able to spread the disease to others. Deaths from typhoid among soldiers in the Civil War exceeded those of any other cause.
Jesse King was a 3rd great grandfather on my maternal line, I found his probate record online at Ancestry.com, ‘Ohio, Wills and Probate Records, 1786-1998’, Mercer County, Ohio, Court of Common Pleas, Record of Wills, Vol 1-4, 1825-1886, Case #1200. It consists of nearly 60 pages and covers 4 years of settlement, Jesse’s wife Catherine Sivey King was the executrix. There are several pages of particular interest:
Pages 4 and 5 are his will, item 4 of the will is a legacy for his granddaughter Susan Candice King, the daughter of his deceased son Philip who died in action at the battle of Nashville.
Page 18, the credits to the estate totaling nearly $5000, most of which are sale of land to the heirs.
Page 24, purchase of burial clothes.
Page 30, value of the estate totaling $4000 for the 160 acres of land and $99 for 3 horses and 24 sheep. (what about the cows and hogs?)
Page 31, debts due the estate, cash and gold on hand equaled about $2000.
Page 34, expenses or payments made by the estate totaling about $1200.
Page 54, $50 for grave stones.
Page 60, the estate ‘donates’ $600 to Henry H. King to make him equal to the other heirs with respect to money he gave prior to the death of his father Jesse.
Here are the 60 pages of documents relating to the probate of Jesse King’s estate in 1868 collated into a PDF file.
While working on a family photo project I decided it would be fun to compare side-by-side my father and his parents at similar ages. Below is an image of my father flanked by his parents. All three photos were taken to commemorate their senior years in high school. The photo of my father, Robert, was taken about the time he turned 17 years old in 1942. He graduated from Thomas Carr Howe High School in Indianapolis in the spring of 1943. The photo of my grandmother, Pearl, was taken when she was 19 years old. She graduated from Shortridge High School in Indianapolis in June of 1893. The photo of my grandfather, Earl, was taken when he was 19 years old. He graduated from Tipton High School in Tipton, Indiana in the spring of 1908. Do you see a resemblance between Robert and his parents? Robert was 2.5 years younger when he graduated high school than his parents were when they graduated. But, I think the ages and poses are similar enough to see the family resemblance. These photos were not among my personal collection, I found them online! Many yearbooks have been scanned, including those from the high schools mentioned above.
In 1913, Shortridge HS was still at it’s original location on N. Pennsylvania St. between Michigan and North Streets. The school is the large building on the left in the map.
Thomas Carr Howe HS opened it’s doors at 4900 Julian Ave. in 1937 where it operates today as a grades 7 to 12 community school. Howe HS sits on property adjoining the Pleasant Run in the Irvington neighborhood.
In 1907, Tipton County opened it’s new high school on the southwest corner of Main and W. North Streets. For many years Tipton HS was located in the residential neighborhood north of the downtown Tipton business district.
It may be of interest to note, the Shortridge HS class of 1913 was considered very large for the time, 258 seniors graduated. The commencement speaker was Dean of the University of Chicago, Percy Boynton. By contrast, the Tipton HS class of 1908 was just 26 graduates and the second to graduate from the ‘new’ school. Howe HS was a fairly new school in 1943, there were about 250 seniors that year. Of course, the United States involvement in World War II was in it’s second year by spring of 1943 and my father, and many of his classmates, had already enlisted and were only waiting to graduate before shipping out. The impact of the war can be read in the yearbook, there was a Victory Club, fund raisers and scrap metal drives.
Shortridge and Howe high schools are in Indianapolis, Tipton HS is about 40 miles north in Tipton, Indiana. Shortridge HS closed at this location and moved north to Meridian and E. 34th in 1928.
Documenting Family Oral History, One Story at a Time
When I was growing up there were family stories that were often repeated and therefore taken as fact. Since becoming interested in genealogy, I have learned that source documentation for accepted facts is very important. To that end, I have set out to find supporting sources for our family oral history. One story that was often shared was that of my paternal grandmother’s parents and how they met and married.
My great grandfather, David Louis Osborne (DLO, 1848-1942), was a widower with two young sons in 1886 when he married Marzella Warbington ( Jennie, 1857-1918) in Minneapolis on the 27th of May. The story we were told was DLO was working as a wall paper hanger in Minneapolis and had placed his sons in an orphanage and Jennie was working at that same orphanage as a teacher. They met, hit it off, got married. David was then able to take his sons from the orphanage since he had a wife to look after them while he worked. It seemed like a neat little story that illustrated some of the difficulties of the late 19th century for a widower with children and no family in the area.
I decided to start my search for sources with the most essential facts, the place and date of marriage: Minneapolis, May 27, 1886.  Then I decided to find the orphanage, figuring there would not be too many in Minneapolis at that time. I contacted the Minnesota Historical Society for help, they found no children named Osborne in their records for that time period, also no teacher named Warbington. But, the MNHS said they did not have archives from every orphanage in the general area. I thought perhaps if I found my great grandmother or great grandfather in the Minneapolis city directory I may be able to surmise one, or both, lived near the orphanage and I could narrow my search. I found no one named Warbington, or other similar name, in the directories. I did find David L. Osborne, paper hanger, in two Minneapolis city directories, 1886 and 1887 . I had expected to find him in earlier directories since his first wife had died in 1883 . I knew he was living in Indianapolis at the time of the death of his first wife, so when did he go to Minneapolis and place the boys in the orphanage? I checked the Indianapolis directories and found him in the 1884 and 1885  issues. Then I looked for Warbington in the Indianapolis directories. There she was in the 1886 directory , Jennie Warbington – attendant Orphan Asylum. Not in Minneapolis, it was Indianapolis! (I also found her brother Joseph Warbington, with whom she was probably living when not at the Orphan Asylum, at 24 Hutchin’s Block .)
The Indianapolis Orphan Asylum (IOA) was originally located at the northeast corner of E. 13th St. and College, this location is now below the interchange for I-70 and I-65. Most of the records from the IOA are archived with the Indiana Historical Society (IHS). Using the IHS online index, I was able to identify archive BV3680, Record of Children Admitted to IOA 1885-88  as a likely place to search for my great uncles, Louis and Rollin Osborne. The archives are not digitized, this is a case that required a visit to the IHS library to view the original materials. From the archived ledger I found the following:
Page 3, June 9  Louis Osborn age 6 years, Raliegh [sp] age 5 have received today. They have brought by Mrs. Miller 188 1/2 E. Washington St. Their mother is dead. Their father will pay $1.00 per week for each of them.
This was a ‘wow!’ moment for me. I recognized the address of this Mrs. Miller, DLO had lived there in 1881 . I checked the 1881 Indianapolis city directory and found Mrs. Miller to be Euphemia Miller, widow and landlady. Presumably, DLO had remained friends with his former landlady since, in 1885, he was living at 317 E. St. Clair . But, who knows, perhaps he was back on Washington St. in June 1885. Nonetheless, it seems Mrs. Miller was helping him with his boys. Had she perhaps been caring for them since their mother died in June 1883 ? Another search of the records told a different story, one I had not expected. My great grandfather had been married to another woman during a portion of those intervening years. DLO married Miss X [I won’t use her name] in February 1884 . Presumably, the new Mrs. Osborne was caring for the boys, but in June 1885 they were placed in the IOA. That led me to discover that in May 1885 the 24 year old Mrs. Osborne had made an initial filing for divorce . In December 1885, DLO and his wife had made the final filing for divorce . The final filing mentions 2 boys being in the IOA. The divorce was granted by Judge Howe on February 4, 1886 . In the IOA archive  I found the following entry:
page 9 Feb. 27  Louis & Raleigh [sp] Osborne were taken this evening by Mrs. Miller at their father’s request.
So my family oral history was partially true, my great grandmother did work at the orphanage where my great uncles briefly stayed. But, it was in Indianapolis, not Minneapolis. I suppose because DLO and Jennie Warbington married in Minneapolis  it was presumed they met there, too. In fact, they undoubtedly met at the IOA. It’s hard to say exactly when the couple went to Minneapolis, but it was sometime before the 27th of May, 1886 that they found themselves there, presumably with Louis and Rollin. Why? Well during the 1880’s Minneapolis was growing at a quick rate and I’m sure skilled tradesmen were in demand for the booming home building industry.
A closer look at the marriage certificate reveals ‘DL Osborne of the county of Hennepin in the state of Minn’ and ‘Jennie M Warbinton of the county of Indianapolis state of Indiana’. Perhaps DLO had gone to Minneapolis on his own, maybe right after the divorce? And Jennie, and perhaps the boys, went later, but before the 27th of May. The marriage was performed by the Reverend David Morgan, his church was the ME Church at the corner of 24th St. and 23rd Ave. S., which was just a couple blocks from where DLO was living (2007 22 ½ Ave. S.). Also, the witnesses were two neighbor ladies, Mrs. and Miss Graber of 2019 23rd Ave. S. This suggests to me that DLO had been in the neighborhood long enough to establish a connection to the local church and neighbors. I’ll probably never know, but I am glad to know the facts behind the story.
DLO and Jennie stayed in Minneapolis just a couple years, but long enough for the birth of their first child, Martha Grace Osborne was born March 14, 1887. The little house they lived in at 2007 22 ½ Ave S. is still standing! The address is now 2007 Milwaukee Ave., it’s in an Historic District and the house was rehabilitated during the 1970’s.
 “Minnesota Marriages, 1849–1950.” Index. FamilySearch, Salt Lake City, Utah
 Minneapolis City Directory For 1886-7, p609, C Wright Davison, Publisher
 Minneapolis City Directory For 1887-8, p754, C Wright Davison, Publisher
 Indianapolis, Indiana, City Directory, 1884, p243, R.L. Polk & Co., Publishers
 Indianapolis, Indiana, City Directory, 1885, p258, The Bowen-Merrill Co., Publishers
 Indianapolis, Indiana, City Directory, 1886, p384, R.L. Polk & Co., Publishers
 Indiana Historical Society, Archives BV3680, Record of Children Admitted to IOA 1885-88
 Indianapolis, Indiana, City Directory, 1881, p420, R.L. Polk & Co., Publishers
 “Indiana, Select Marriages Index, 1780-1992” FamilySearch, Salt Lake City, Utah
 “The Indianapolis News” 18 May 1885, p4, col2, above fold
 “The Indianapolis News” 25 December 1885, p3, col3, below fold
 “The Indianapolis News” 4 February 1886, p3, col1, above fold
In case you did not know, addresses can change over time. My great grandfather, David Louis Osborne, lived at over 20 addresses around Indianapolis between 1876 and 1942. The early years were downtown, then the near northeast suburbs and finally Irvington. Street names and addresses of 100 years ago do not match those of today, old atlases and the city ordinance records are useful reference tools to determine modern addresses.
This is a good example of (mostly) NOT finding what I set out to find. Over the years of researching my great grandfather, I came to realize he lived at MANY addresses during his adult life. I thought it would be interesting to see all the old buildings and homes where he lived in my hometown of Indianapolis.
David Louis Osborne 1848-1942
Between 1876 and 1942 my great grandfather, David Louis Osborne (DLO), lived at 23 addresses in Indianapolis, I decided to document the current condition of his former homes.
17 Fletcher’s Block
This address does not now exist. Based on information on the 1887 Sanborn Map this address is likely the southeast corner of College and Fletcher Ave. DLO had ‘rooms’ at this address while working as a paper hanger.
218 E. South St.
This is now an empty lot between S. New Jersey St. and Virginia Ave. John Dennis, father of Susie, also lived with the young couple.
338 S. New Jersey St.
This address no longer exists, it is now a part of the Lilly Research Campus. It was just north of E. McCarty St.
188 E Washington St.
DLO must have liked this place, he lived here twice. He was a boarder, probably lived upstairs above the bakery on the main floor. New construction now sits at this site. The modern address is 380 E. Washington.
The modern address is 625 Lexington Ave., the second building west of College. The two huge evergreens in the photo hide a massive garage, not a house. DLO was working as a paper hanger for Cathcart, Cleland and Co.
70 N State Ave.
This address no longer exists, based on the old Sanborn maps it would have been on the southwest corner of State and Market, now an empty lot.
34 N. Walcott St.
This address is now 46 N. Walcott, it’s the southwest corner of Walcott and Ohio, now an empty lot.
317 E. St. Clair St.
This home was next to the firehouse on E. St. Clair, just west of Massachusetts Ave., it’s now a parking lot for the Firefighters Museum. The modern address would be 627 E. St. Clair St.
113 Oak Ave.
This street was renamed Edison about 1900, the house was just north of what is now E. 10th St. This location is now home to an electric substation.
17 Omer St.
Omer was renamed 11th St., this house was not on the 1887 map. The modern address is 1319 E. 11th St., it’s now an empty lot.
Street renamed 12th St. before 1898. This address may now be 1604 E. 12th St., on the northeast corner at N. Newman St., about a tenth of a mile east of Brookside. According to daughter Pearl’s birth certificate, she was born at this address.
174 Eureka Ave.
This address no longer exists. Eureka ran between Michigan and 10th St. It was renamed N. Tacoma Ave. about 1898. The modern address is either 910 or 916 N. Tacoma Ave. The duplex at 910 is pictured.
914 N. Tacoma Ave.
This address no longer exists. It’s either the north half of the duplex at 910 N. Tacoma or the house at 916 N. Tacoma. The house at 916 is pictured. DLO lived here from about 1895 (174 Eureka) to 1906.
538 N. Keystone Ave.
DLO lived here about three years, it is now a parking lot for IPS #15.
1102 N. Beville Ave.
The northwest corner with E. 11th St., now an empty lot. DLO lived here about 10 years. Jennie passed in 1918, that’s when daughter Pearl moved in with her husband Earl LaFara and toddler Lois.
5929 Julian Ave.
This is the third house west of Arlington. Living here also are the LaFara’s and daughter Sadie.
105 Johnson Ave.
DLO bought this lot about 1920 and built the house that still stands. He lived here about 5 years with daughter Sadie who bought the house from him for $3000 in 1925.
27 N. Campbell Ave.
Living with the LaFara family. DLO split his time between here and the GAR post. The LaFara’s were at this address for about 4 years.
512 N. Illinois St.
This address no longer exists, there is a large parking garage now. This was ‘Fort Friendly’, the GAR post where DLO was a member and caretaker during this period.
36 S. Ritter
DLO lived here for several years with the LaFara’s, daughter Pearl owned the home that is next door to IPS #57.
33 N. Sheridan
DLO lived here briefly with the LaFara’s after they sold the home on S. Ritter.
115 S. Ritter Ave.
The third house south of Julian. DLO lived here at the end of his life with the LaFara’s, he shared a room with his grandson, Bob. They were renting the home.
Crown Hill Cemetery
The final resting place, DLO purchased 4 plots at the time of Jennie’s death in 1918. The other two plots hold Earl LaFara and Sadie Osborne.
My main obstacle was reconciling old addresses to modern addresses. Indianapolis went through a large scale overhaul of the street naming around the turn of the 20th century. I found a book online that contained the Indianapolis ordinances up to 1904, there is an entire section regarding street naming changes.
With these reference tools I was able to assign modern addresses to those from over 100 years ago. Next, I went looking for the buildings and homes. What I found was at first disappointing, then I decided to have a sense of humor about it given the facts could not be changed. Of the 22 addresses I have for my great grandfather in Indianapolis, 13 are vacant lots, parking lots or modern buildings. The houses still standing are the most recent addresses from the 20th century.
Frank Takeo Flucawa (1883 – 1974) A Brief Biographical Sketch
by Barbara J. LaFara
grand-niece to F.T. Flucawa
Born Takeo Furukawa on 15 March 1883 in Tottori-Ken, Tokyo, Japan, little is documented of his early childhood. Family oral history stories say that the young Takeo experienced hunger, poverty and the loss of his family. Additionally, the stories tell of friendship, spiritual learning and scholarship. As a young man, Takeo became a Christian and attended a school founded by missionaries, Meiji Gakuin in Shirokane, Tokyo, Japan. It is documented that Takeo graduated Futsu-Gakubu or high school in 1902 and Koutou-Gakubu or liberal arts and theology in 1905 from Meiji Gakuin.
The year 1905 was very significant in Takeo’s young life. Besides graduating from college, he also immigrated to the United States. On May 19, Takeo departed from Yokohama on board the Kanagawa Maru, arriving in Seattle, Washington on June 2. It is documented that he had $100 and his final destination was Chicago with the intention to attend the university. For reasons unknown, Takeo did not complete his enrollment at the University of Chicago and instead headed to Indianapolis, Indiana with the plan of enrolling at Butler College. Butler was founded and operated by the Disciples of Christ ministry. Takeo worked in service jobs to support himself, including as a bartender and steward at the University Club of Indianapolis. By 1908 he began writing his thesis for his doctoral dissertation, a process he would never complete.
At loose ends, Takeo lived in a boarding house on W. 18th Street, worked tending bar and volunteered at several missions in 1910. It was at a mission that Takeo met his future wife Grace Osborne, a fellow volunteer. Grace was a young, divorced mother with a six year old son named Glenn. Takeo and Grace married on 30 December 1912. It was at this time that Takeo began using the name ‘Frank Flucawa,’ he believed it was easier for Americans to pronounce.
For awhile, the young couple rented rooms on N. Illinois Avenue, but eventually they got a small farm near E. 16th Street and Pleasant Run Parkway. Frank and Grace engaged in running a poultry farm, raising chickens, geese and turkey. At the time, the United States had laws in place that prohibited Asian immigrants from owning land, but this never seemed to be a problem for Frank. It may be that these laws were not well known in Indiana since they were primarily written for the more ‘xenophobic’ western U.S.
Frank and Grace often played host and hostess to various family gatherings on their little farm. Frank and Grace, along with their good friend Kisaburo ‘Shibby’ Shibusawa had created a charming ornamental garden on the property, perfect for family photos.
Life went on in a very pleasant manner for nearly 30 years for the couple, their family and their friends. Then 1942 came along, the United Stated declared war with Japan, Grace’s 94-years old father died, two nephews enlisted in the armed services and Executive Order 9066 was issued by President Roosevelt. There was a great deal of sadness at the Flucawa home; so much that the couple decided to move away from Indianapolis to a more rural area, New Castle, Indiana.
Executive Order 9066 caused the imprisonment of over 100,000 Japanese-Americans, all from western states. The suspension of basic civil rights was frightening to Frank and Grace, fortunately, application of the law was mostly non-existent in Indiana. Frank, and Shibby, did register with the local sheriff, but that was the extent of any action. It was during this time that Frank and Grace became Quakers, giving action to their objection to wars. They were both active in organizing local vegetable gardens, Red Cross fund raisers and writing regularly to their nephews overseas. Sadly, their nephew Carl died in action in Germany. But, nephew Robert returned safely from the south Pacific.
Life returned to a sort of normal after 1946, raising poultry again and now operating a commercial flower garden. First the garden was at Cherry Street and Hawthorne Road in New Castle, but eventually expanded to a larger property on South Memorial Drive. Frank and Grace enjoyed a great deal of popularity because of their beautiful flowers. However, in November 1954 Grace passed away and Frank lost his partner in life of nearly 42 years.
The Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952 basically repealed the 1924 act that had prohibited the naturalization of Asians, as well as many Europeans. Now that Grace was gone, Frank felt a certain practical need to become a U.S. citizen. So, on 17 June 1955 Frank became a citizen and legally changed his name to Frank Takeo Flucawa.
Frank went on operating ‘Flucawa Flower Gardens’ with the help of his good friend Shibby. But, in October 1964 Shibby left this world at the age of 82, leaving Frank on his own. Frank carried on as best he could, he was well past the age when many men retire, but that was not his nature. He kept active in his garden, judging flower shows around the state, mentoring other Asian Americans in the community and attending Quaker meetings.
Finally, at the urging of his nephew Robert, Frank sold his hot house and flower farm property in 1968 and retired to a little house on S. 16th Street in New Castle. It was at this home that Frank passed peacefully from this world to his reward on 29 May 1974. Frank was laid to rest at Mound Cemetery in New Castle between his beloved wife Grace and his best friend Shibby.